Indonesia's Maritim and Its Upcoming Courses

During the crowds in social media, Twitter, President Joko Widodo welcoming The Prime Minister of the Netherlands, Mark Rutte on 7 October 2019. The purpose of this visit was to reaffirm the strong bilateral relation between Indonesia and the Netherlands. And, one of the focused issues is building vocational education, including the fields of public works, maritime and nursing.

In terms of vocational education in the filed of maritime, it brings us back to 2014 memories while President Jokowi announced that Indonesia will become the world's maritime axis. Back then, maritime issue became a very hot issue and it was delighted to be discussed since it sounded like a very fresh new idea for Indonesia. This relative new idea, said Susi Pudjiastuti, Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, will become a breakthrough towards 70 years doctrine of agricultural mindset. However, maritime issues today were sensed differently than before. Toward presidential inauguration on October 20th, 2019 later, maritime issue, especially in relation to vocational education seemed less discussed in social media Twitter. Frankly speaking, where will the maritime courses be directed?

Social media are believed to be able to spread issues and then to make them nationally discussed by its users. Twitter offers some features which allow users to know and to monitor issues that currently happening. They are Trending Topics and hashtag (#) features. In collaboration with Drone Emprit Academic (DEA) to discover tweets regarding 'maritim' keywords and hashtag '#porosmaritimdunia' (world maritime axis) in Bahasa Indonesia on October 7th, 2019 to October 14th, 2019, it was collected about 1.840s tweets discussing maritime issues. Overall, there were two main topics which mostly appear in Twitter. First was about Susi Pudjiastuti who rejected reclamation over Teluk Benoa to determine it as Marine Protected Area. Second was about the Governor of Bali, I Wayan Koster, who revealed that the rejection of Teluk Benoa reclamation was the result of voice of Balinese society.

Unfortunately, during this period of time there were no tweets telling about vocational education in maritime fields as discussed by President Jokowi and The Prime Minister of the Netherlands, Mark Rutte on 7 October 2019 ago.

Drone Emprit Academic was also reveal that during October 7th-14th, 2019 there are five most active province in spreading issues related to maritime. They are DKI Jakarta, East Java, Central Java, DI Yogyakarta, and Bali. It was not surprising that Jakarta and Bali appeared the most in this period of time since the current issues at that time are regarding to Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries and regarding to Teluk Benoa in Bali. Meanwhile, there are two only influencers in Eastern Part of Indonesia, namely KBRI (Indonesian Embassy) Port Moresby in Papua New Guinea and user named 'black' in Papua Barat (West Papua). Who were missing during this discourse? Local government agencies, especially those related to maritime sectors in this case are required to become more sensitive and more responsive in order to disseminate maritime mindsets.

Cecile H. Sam, Assisstant Professor at Rowan University, in 2019 published a research about discourse shaping through social media. It was found that in every discourse will include archaeological and genealogical aspects. Meaning that one certain discourse must consist of historical backgrounds and consist of its related actors. Therefore, Indonesia's maritime discourse today could be seen as the actualization of Deklarasi Djuanda in 1957 by the first president of Indonesia, President Soekarno and Konvensi Maritim Nasional in 1963. Taking note to Konvensi Maritim Nasional, Presiden Soekarno once encouraged by stating that a nation can be very powerful once it can control the ocean and to do it a nation need sufficient fleets.

And now, one of these fleets might be best directed to a sufficient human resources after the preliminary sectors of marine and fisheries, diminishing illegal fishing, commencing Tol Laut, maintaining marine boundaries, and developing marine tourism.

In 2017, Statistics Indonesia (Badan Pusat Statistik) noted that Indonesia consist of 42% provinces which are 73% till 97% of their areas are water. Also, Statistics Indonesia in 2018 wrote that those provinces may have many islands within, such as Papua Barat (3239 islands), Kepulauan Riau (1788 islands), Sulawesi Tengah (1137 islands), Maluku (987 islands), Maluku Utara (803 islands), Papua (552 islands), dan Sulawesi Tenggara (527 islands). These data showed us that there are provinces in Indonesia which require more concern in terms of maritime connectivity.

There was saying on Wooden Sailing Vessel, Pinisi, in 17th century stated Kualleangi Tallanga Natowalia. Meaning that once sailing, no more looking back to the land. It was similar to Itinerario notes written by Jan Huygen van Lincschoten in 16th century saying that day and night he always thinking about the sea and there is no other important thing for youngster except travelling the sea and looking the world. These willing seems appear through President Jokowi's discourse in emerging maritime sector especially in building competent human resources by creating vocational education in maritime fields. However, as this writings to suggest, it might be appropriate to take more concern to those provinces which are mostly covered by water. So that, this may be seen as the next course of Indonesia's maritime.