Study of Childfree in Islamic Perspective using Big Data Analytics from Social Media and Online Platform

by Wida Reza Hardiyanti

Alumnus of the Faculty of Economics and Business Gadjah Mada University. Currently employed as a business consultant in the international development program to eradicate poverty of smallholder farmers in the Eastern Indonesia. Former researcher in independent research firm in Yogyakarta named Forbil Institute and Definit.

Indonesia is categorized into the pronatalist country that strongly believes that a child becomes a significant presence in marriage as they perceive that child is a gift, heirs, and successor. The child is also believed to be a bonding between wife and husband that enables to increase marital satisfaction and commitment. On the other hand, several people reaching midlife did not feel any guilt due to not having a baby. This research used secondary data from Drone Emprit, a dashboard that provides data from social media and online platforms. The comparison of the trending topic childfree currently has more mentions from netizens than the other popular topic such as vaccination. Based on the sentiment type, more people mention the positive sentiment compared to the negative sentiment. The stakeholder map which represents the number of like[1] from the netizen can represent people tendencies, whether like or dislike toward a topic. Based on favouritism, most of the people like comments with the positive sentiment (which support having children) than negative sentiment.

The data start to become the point of conversation since the end of August, especially August 21 and become the peak trending topic on August 26. Afterwards, this topic still becomes the point of conversation, but the trend is declining. There is also a decline in the interaction rate, in line with the decline of a trending topic. Based on the weekday and hour, the highest mention is on Thursday (at 1 PM) and the lowest on Sunday (at 4 PM). There is a shift of people sentiment from August 21 to 24 people having more negative sentiment, but the more positive sentiment is dominant from August 25 onwards. The emotions about childfree topics are joy, trust, fear, surprise, sadness, disgust, anger, and anticipation. Based on emotion analysis, fear becomes the primary emotion. There is also a shift from fear into trust which happens due to news reporting and influencer opinion, which shifts the point of view among netizens.

Most people have positive sentiments toward the topic of childfree, and only a few people have neutral opinions regarding this topic. The positive sentiment means people who are pronatalists and disagree with the childfree decision. Most people using Twitter for Android as a device for mentioning this topic. The hashtag used for mentioning this topic is #childfree, followed by #Bagongiyah and #Antinatalism. The comparison of the trending topic childfree currently has more mentions from netizens than the other popular topic such as vaccination. Based on the sentiment type, more people mention the positive sentiment compared to the negative sentiment. The stakeholder map which represents the number of like[2] from the netizen can represent people tendency, whether like or dislike toward a topic. Based on favouritism, most of the people like comment with positive sentiment (which support having children) than negative sentiment. We need to concern that there is a shift of people sentiment from time to time when on August 21 up to 24 people having more negative sentiment, but the more positive sentiment is dominant from August 25 onwards. Based on the hour, most people have more positive sentiment than negative ones, except at 4 PM. More people tend to mention negative sentiment toward childfree topics in this period.

The emotions that emerge about childfree topics are Joy - Trust - Fear - Surprise - Sadness - Disgust - Anger – Anticipation (Drone Emprit, 2021). Based on emotion analysis, fear becomes the primary emotion. However, the curve shows a shift from August 24 up to August 31. From August 24 up to August 27, fear became the dominant emotion among the people, but trust became the dominant emotion from August 28 up to August 29. It shows that the emotion of the netizen will also depend on the view of news reporting and the influencer opinion[2]These buzzers can shift the point of view among netizens. The high engagement influencers also have a strong correlation with opinion dribbling. In this case, they can change people opinions toward childfree.


 

[1] Like in social media in the symbol of thumbs up or love represent favouritism, support, or interest toward a topic.

 

[2] This change in emotion analysis, which represents the most opinion of the netizen, is probably also linked with the presence of buzzers. A person's buzzer voices an opinion directly, whether using a personal identity or a disclosed identity to express an interest in social media. A buzzer is needed in social media to support a voice, opinion or issue that contains an individual or group of people, with the same voice that can influence other social media users.

 

Diterbitkan oleh To understand the people Indonesia view (https://www.slideshare.net/widarezahardiyanti/proceeding-9th-gamaiceb-and-6th-gamaici) pada 25/09/2021